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Vietnam and Cambodia are neighbors in Southeast Asia on the Indochina Peninsula. The two countries share a long border with a variety of crossings. In fact, crossings open with fair regularity; as of early 2011, at least eight were open. How to travel to Cambodia from Vietnam or how to travel to Vietnam from Cambodia is remarkably easy, with a variety of ways to travel, including flights, buses, cars and boats. Winter months are the most temperate in both countries and are also the most popular with tourists. Summer weather can be oppressively hot and humid. Monsoons in May and June can disrupt travel. If you are visiting either country during these months, keep flexible itineraries, as roads and runways may wash out.
Visas are required to travel from Vietnam into Cambodia; however, they are available on arrival at airports and border crossings. In order to qualify for a visa on arrival, you must have two passport-sized photographs with you, although if you don't, you may simply be fined a small amount and granted a visa anyway. Lonely Planet's guide to Cambodia suggests that for land border crossings you may want to arrange for a visa beforehand, as many tourists are overcharged for visas by unscrupulous border guards. Cambodia offers online visa processing through the country's Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.
Cambodia has two major airports, one in the capital, Phnom Penh (airport code PNH), and one in Siem Reap (REP), which is near the Angkor Wat temple complex. Most flights from Vietnam to Cambodia originate in Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi or Saigon and take between one to two hours. Arriving by air in Cambodia is relatively simple and the customs process is mostly hassle-free.
Numerous land crossings are available between Vietnam and Cambodia. Many people travel from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh by bus, a trip that takes approximately six hours, including a border stop. This crossing is called Moc Bai on the Vietnamese side and Bavet on the Cambodian side. Additionally, as of early 2011, at least seven other land border crossings are open between the two nations; private vehicles are allowed to cross at all points. Visas on arrival are available at most land border crossings.
The Mekong River runs north to south through Cambodia before ending in Vietnam. River boat border crossings are available with brief stops on land to check passports and visas. Visas on arrival are available at the Cambodian border crossing. Fast boat service is available from Chau Doc in Vietnam to Phnom Penh. More leisurely cruises are also available, and service is available all the way to Siem Reap in the north central part of Cambodia.